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习近平: 在科学家座谈会上的讲话
时间: 2021-09-14 15:23 来源:yabo手机版 作者: 点击: 次

在科学家座谈会上的讲话

(2020nian9yue11ri)

xijinping

jintian,yaboshoujibanzhaokaikexuejiazuotanhui,tingtingdajiadui“shisiwu”shiqiyijigengzhangyigeshiqituidongchuangxinqudongfazhan、jiakuaikejichuangxinbufadeyijianhejianyi。chuxijintianzuotanhuidekexuejiahekejigongzuozhe,fenbielaizikeyanyuansuo、gaodengyuanxiaoheqiye,shejijichuyanjiu、yingyongjichuyanjiu、yingyongyanjiu,haiyouzaihuagongzuodewaiguokexuejia。

gangcai,dajiajiehegeziyanjiulingyu,jiushenhuakejitizhigaige、tuidongkejichuangxinhefazhandengwenti,tichulexuduoyoujiazhideyijianhejianyi。qingyouguanfangmianrenzhenyanjiuxishou。xiamian,jiehedajiadefayan,wotanjidianyijian。

一、充分认识加快科技创新的重大战略意义

yabo手机版dangdeshibadayilai,yaboshoujibangaoduzhongshikejichuangxingongzuo,jianchibachuangxinzuoweiyinlingfazhandediyidongli。tongguoquanshehuigongtongnuli,woguokejishiyequdelishixingchengjiu、fashenglishixingbiange。zhongdachuangxinchengguojingxiangyongxian,yixieqianyanlingyukaishijinrubingpao、lingpaojieduan,kejishilizhengzaicongliangdejileimaixiangzhidefeiyue,congdiandetupomaixiangxitongnenglitisheng。zaizheicikangjixinguanfeiyanyiqingguochengzhong,guangdakejigongzuozhezaizhiliao、yimiaoyanfa、fangkongdengduogezhongyaolingyukaizhankeyangongguan,weitongchoutuijinyiqingfangkonghejingjishehuifazhantigongleyoulizhicheng、zuochulezhongdagongxian。jiecijihui,woxiangguangdakejigongzuozhebiaoshizhongxindeganxie!

dangjinshijiezhengjinglibainianweiyouzhidabianju,woguofazhanmianlindeguoneiwaihuanjingfashengshenkefuzabianhua,woguo“shisiwu”shiqiyijigengzhangshiqidefazhanduijiakuaikejichuangxintichulegengweipoqiedeyaoqiu。yishijiakuaikejichuangxinshituidonggaozhiliangfazhandexuyao。jianshexiandaihuajingjitixi,tuidongzhiliangbiange、xiaolvbiange、donglibiange,douxuyaoqiangdakejizhicheng。ershijiakuaikejichuangxinshishixianrenmingaopinzhishenghuodexuyao。dangqian,woguoshehuizhuyaomaodunyijingzhuanhuaweirenminriyizengzhangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaohebupinghengbuchongfendefazhanzhijiandemaodun,weimanzurenminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwang,bixutuichugengduoshejiminshengdekejichuangxinchengguo。sanshijiakuaikejichuangxinshigoujianxinfazhangejudexuyao。tuidongguoneidaxunhuan,bixujianchigongjicejiegouxinggaigezheiyizhuxian,tigaogongjitixizhiliangheshuiping,yixingongjichuangzaoxinxuqiu,kejichuangxinshiguanjian。changtongguoneiguojishuangxunhuan,yexuyaokejishili,baozhangchanyeliangongyingliananquanwending。sishijiakuaikejichuangxinshishunlikaiqiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiaxinzhengchengdexuyao。congzuichutichu“sigexiandaihua”daoxianzaitichuquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo,kexuejishuxiandaihuaconglaidoushiwoguoshixianxiandaihuadezhongyaoneirong。

xianzai,woguojingjishehuifazhanheminshenggaishanbiguoqurenheshihoudougengjiaxuyaokexuejishujiejuefangan,dougengjiaxuyaozengqiangchuangxinzheigediyidongli。tongshi,zaijiliedeguojijingzhengmianqian,zaidanbianzhuyi、baohuzhuyishangshengdedabeijingxia,yaboshoujibanbixuzouchushiheguoqingdechuangxinluzi,tebieshiyaobayuanshichuangxinnenglitishengbaizaigengjiatuchudeweizhi,nulishixiangengduo“cong0dao1”detupo。xiwangguangdakexuejiahekejigongzuozhejianfuqilishizeren,jianchimianxiangshijiekejiqianyan、mianxiangjingjizhuzhanchang、mianxiangguojiazhongdaxuqiu、mianxiangrenminshengmingjiankang,buduanxiangkexuejishuguangduheshendujinjun。

二、加快解决制约科技创新发展的一些关键问题

yabo手机版woguoyongyoushuliangzhongduodekejigongzuozhe、guimopangdadeyanfatouru,chubujubeilezaiyixielingyutongguojixianjinshuipingtongtaijingjidetiaojian,guanjianshiyaogaishankejichuangxinshengtai,jifachuangxinchuangzaohuoli,jiguangdakexuejiahekejigongzuozhedajianshizhancaihuadewutai,rangkejichuangxinchengguoyuanyuanbuduanyongxianchulai。

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dier,zhengheyouhuakejiziyuanpeizhi。duikejichuangxinlaishuo,kejiziyuanyouhuapeizhizhiguanzhongyao。“liangdanyixing”chenggong,youlaiyuyipilingjunrencai,yeyoulaiyuwoguoqiangyoulidezuzhixitong。yaboshoujibanyoudapikexuejia、yuanshi,youshijiejiguimodekeyanrenyuanhegongchengshiduiwu,yaohenzhuachuangxintixijianshe,jinxingyouhuazuhe,kefufensan、dixiao、zhongfudebiduan。yaoyouyipishuaicaixingkexuejia,fahuiyouxiaozhenghekeyanziyuanzuoyong。yaofahuiqiyejishuchuangxinzhutizuoyong,tuidongchuangxinyaosuxiangqiyejiju,cujinchanxueyanshenduronghe。yaofahuiwoguoshehuizhuyizhidunenggoujizhongliliangbandashideyoushi,youhuapeizhiyoushiziyuan,tuidongzhongyaolingyuguanjianhexinjishugongguan。yaozujianyipiguojiashiyanshi,duixianyouguojiazhongdianshiyanshijinxingzhongzu,xingchengwoguoshiyanshitixi。yaofahuigaoxiaozaikeyanzhongdezhongyaozuoyong,diaodonggeleikeyanyuansuodejijixing,fahuirencaijiji、zuzhiyouxudeyoushi,xingchengzhanlveliliang。

disan,chizhiyihengjiaqiangjichuyanjiu。jichuyanjiushikejichuangxindeyuantou。woguojichuyanjiusuiranqudexianzhujinbu,dantongguojixianjinshuipingdechajuhaishimingxiande。woguomianlindehenduo“kabozi”jishuwenti,genzishijichulilunyanjiugenbushang,yuantouhedicengdedongximeiyougaoqingchu。jichuyanjiuyifangmianyaozunxunkexuefaxianzishenguilv,yitansuoshijieaomidehaoqixinlaiqudong,guliziyoutansuohechongfendejiaoliubianlun;lingyifangmianyaotongguozhongdakejiwentidaidong,zaizhongdayingyongyanjiuzhongchouxiangchulilunwenti,jinertansuokexueguilv,shijichuyanjiuheyingyongyanjiuxianghucujin。yaomingquewoguojichuyanjiulingyufangxianghefazhanmubiao,jiujiuweigong,chixubuduanjianchixiaqu。yaojiadajichuyanjiutouru,shouxianshiguojiacaizhengyaojiadatourulidu,tongshiyaoyindaoqiyehejinrongjigouyishidangxingshijiadazhichi,gulishehuiyijuanzenghejianlijijindengfangshiduoqudaotouru,kuodazijinlaiyuan,xingchengchixuwendingtourujizhi。duikaizhanjichuyanjiuyouchengxiaodekeyandanweiheqiye,yaozaicaizheng、jinrong、shuishoudengfangmianjiyubiyaozhengcezhichi。yaochuangzaoyouliyujichuyanjiudelianghaokeyanshengtai,jianlijianquankexuepingjiatixi、jilijizhi,guliguangdakeyanrenyuanjiefangsixiang、dadanchuangxin,rangkexuejiaqianxingaoyanjiu。yaobanhaoyiliuxueshuqikanhegeleixueshupingtai,jiaqiangguoneiguojixueshujiaoliu。

disi,jiaqiangchuangxinrencaijiaoyupeiyang。rencaishidiyiziyuan。guojiakejichuangxinlidegenbenyuanquanzaiyuren。shinianshumu,bainianshuren。yaobajiaoyubaizaigengjiazhongyaoweizhi,quanmiantigaojiaoyuzhiliang,zhuzhongpeiyangxueshengchuangxinyishihechuangxinnengli。yaojiaqiangshuxue、wuli、huaxue、shengwudengjichuxuekejianshe,gulijubeitiaojiandegaoxiaojijishezhijichuyanjiu、jiaochaxuekexiangguanxuekezhuanye,jiaqiangjichuxuekebenkeshengpeiyang,tansuojichuxuekebenshuoboliandupeiyangmoshi。yaojiaqiangjichuxuekebajianxueshengpeiyang,zaishulihuashengdengxuekejiansheyipijidi,xiyinzuiyouxiudexueshengtoushenjichuyanjiu。yaojiaqianggaoxiaojichuyanjiu,bujujiansheqianyankexuezhongxin,fazhanxinxingyanjiuxingdaxue。yaozunzhongrencaichengzhangguilvhekeyanhuodongzishenguilv,peiyangzaojiuyipijuyouguojishuipingdezhanlvekejirencai、kejilingjunrencai、chuangxintuandui。yaogaoduzhongshiqingniankejirencaichengzhang,shitamenchengweikejichuangxinzhulijun。yaomianxiangshijiehuijuyiliurencai,xiyinhaiwaigaoduanrencai,weihaiwaikexuejiazaihuagongzuotigongjuyouguojijingzhenglihexiyinlidehuanjingtiaojian。

yabo手机版diwu,yikaogaigejifakejichuangxinhuoli。woguokejiduiwuyunzangzhejudachuangxinqianneng,guanjianshiyaotongguoshenhuakejitizhigaigebazheizhongqiannengyouxiaoshifangchulai。zhuanbianzhengfuzhinengshikejigaigedezhongyaorenwu。yaboshoujibanhenduochanyeliangongyingliandouxuyaokejijiejuefangan,nenggoutigongzheizhongjiejuefangandezhinengshifenzhanzaiyixiandeqianqianwanwankejigongzuozheheshichangzhuti,zhengfuyaozuodeshiweitamenchuangzaolianghaohuanjing、tigongjichutiaojian,fahuihaozuzhixiediaozuoyong。yaojiakuaikejiguanlizhinengzhuanbian,bagengduojinglicongfenqian、fenwu、dingxiangmuzhuandaodingzhanlve、dingfangzhen、dingzhengcehechuangzaohuanjing、gaohaofuwushanglai。yaojiakuaituijinkeyanyuansuogaige,fuyugaoxiao、keyanjigougengdazizhuquan,jiyuchuangxinlingjunrencaigengdajishuluxianjuedingquanhejingfeishiyongquan,jianjuepochu“weilunwen、weizhicheng、weixueli、weijiangxiang”。yaozhenghecaizhengkeyantourutizhi,gaibianbumenfenge、xiaoersandezhuangtai。duidajiatichudejiaqiangkejililiangtongchouwenti,yaboshoujibanjiangtongpanyanjiukaolv。

diliu,jiaqiangguojikejihezuo。guojikejihezuoshidaqushi。yaboshoujibanyaogengjiazhudongdirongruquanqiuchuangxinwangluo,zaikaifanghezuozhongtishengzishenkejichuangxinnengli。yueshimianlinfengsuodaya,yuebunenggaoziwofengbi、ziwogejue,ershiyaoshishigengjiakaifangbaorong、huhuigongxiangdeguojikejihezuozhanlve。yifangmian,yaojianchibazijideshiqingbanhao,chixutishengkejizizhuchuangxinnengli,zaiyixieyoushilingyudazao“zhangban”,hangshiguojihezuojichu。lingyifangmian,yaoyigengjiakaifangdesiweihejucuotuijinguojikejijiaoliuhezuo。zaidangqianxingshixia,yaowushituijinquanqiuyiqingfangkonghegonggongweishenglingyuguojikejihezuo,kaizhanyaowu、yimiao、jiancedenglingyudeyanjiuhezuo。yaojujiaoqihoubianhua、renleijiankangdenggongxingwenti,jiaqiangtonggeguokeyanrenyuandelianheyanfa。yaozhubufangkaizaiwoguojingneisheliguojikejizuzhi、waijikexuejiazaiwoguokejixueshuzuzhirenzhi,shiwoguochengweiquanqiukejikaifanghezuodeguangkuowutai。

三、大力弘扬科学家精神

yabo手机版kexuechengjiulibukaijingshenzhicheng。kexuejiajingshenshikejigongzuozhezaizhangqikexueshijianzhongjileidebaoguijingshencaifu。xinzhongguochengliyilai,guangdakejigongzuozhezaizuguodadishangshuliqiyizuozuokejichuangxindefengbei,yezhujiuledutedejingshenqizhi。qunian5yue,dangzhongyangzhuanmenchutaile《yaboshoujibanjinyibuhongyangkexuejiajingshenjiaqiangzuofenghexuefengjianshedeyijian》,yaoqiudalihongyangxionghuaizuguo、fuwurenmindeaiguojingshen,yongpangaofeng、ganweirenxiandechuangxinjingshen,zhuiqiuzhenli、yanjinzhixuedeqiushijingshen,danbomingli、qianxinyanjiudefengxianjingshen,jizhigongguan、tuanjiexiezuodexietongjingshen,ganweirenti、jiangyehouxuedeyurenjingshen。guangdakejigongzuozheyaojianfuqilishifuyudekejichuangxinzhongren。zheili,wozhongdianqiangdiaoyixiaaiguojingshenhechuangxinjingshen。

kexuewuguojie,kexuejiayouzuguo。woguokejishiyequdedelishixingchengjiu,shiyidaiyouyidaishizhibaoguodekexuejiaqianfuhouji、jiexufendoudejieguo。conglisiguang、qianxuesen、qiansanqiang、dengjiaxiandengyidapilaoyibeikexuejia,daochenjingrun、huangdanian、nanrendongdengyidapixinzhongguochenglihouchengzhangqilaidejiechukexuejia,doushiaiguokexuejiadedianfan。xiwangguangdakejigongzuozhebuwangchuxin、laojishiming,bingchiguojialiyiherenminliyizhishang,jichenghefayanglaoyibeikexuejiaxionghuaizuguo、fuwurenmindeyouxiupinzhi,hongyang“liangdanyixing”jingshen,zhudongjianfuqilishizhongren,bazijidekexuezhuiqiurongrujiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiadeweidashiyezhongqu。

kejichuangxintebieshiyuanshichuangxinyaoyouchuangzaoxingsibiandenengli、yangeqiuzhengdefangfa,bumixinxueshuquanwei,bumangcongjiyouxueshuo,ganyudadanzhiyi,renzhenshizheng,buduanshiyan。yuanchuangyibanlaizijiashehecaixiang,shiyigebuduanguancha、sikao、jiashe、shiyan、qiuzheng、guinadefuzaguocheng,erbushijiandandeguina。jiashehecaixiangdechuangxinxingzhiguanzhongyao。aiyinsitanshuoguo: “tichuyigewentiwangwangbijiejueyigewentigengzhongyao。”ruguoxuanbuzhun,jishihuafeihendajingli,yehennanzuochuchengguo。guangdakejigongzuozheyaoshuliganyuchuangzaodexiongxinzhuangzhi,ganyutichuxinlilun、kaipixinlingyu、tansuoxinlujing,zaiduchuangduyoushangxiagongfu。yaoduochugaoshuipingdeyuanchuangchengguo,weibuduanfengfuhefazhankexuetixizuochugongxian。kexueyanjiutebieshijichuyanjiudechufadianwangwangshikexuejiatanjiuziranaomidehaoqixin。congshijiankan,fanshiqudetuchuchengjiudekexuejiadoushipingjiezhizhedehaoqixin、shiyexin,zhongshentansuochengjiushiyede。youyanjiubiaoming,kexuejiadeyoushibujinkaozhili,gengzhuyaodeshizhuanzhuheqinfen,jingguozhangqitansuoerzaimougelingyuxingchengyoushi。yaogulikejigongzuozhezhuanzhuyuzijidekeyanshiye,qinfenzuanyan,bumuxurong,bujimingli。yaoguangfanxuanchuankejigongzuozheyongyutansuo、xianshenkexuedeshengdongshiji。haoqixinshirendetianxing,duikexuexingqudeyindaohepeiyangyaocongwawazhuaqi,shitamengengduolejiekexuezhishi,zhangwokexuefangfa,xingchengyidapijubeikexuejiaqianzhideqingshaonianqunti。

gejidangweihezhengfuyijigejilingdaoganbuyaorenzhenguanchedangzhongyangyaboshoujibankejichuangxindejuecebushu,luoshihaochuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve,zunzhonglaodong、zunzhongzhishi、zunzhongrencai、zunzhongchuangzao,zunxunkexuefazhanguilv,tuidongkejichuangxinchengguobuduanyongxian,bingzhuanhuaweixianshishengchanli。lingdaoganbuyaojiaqiangduixinkexuezhishidexuexi,guanzhuquanqiukejifazhanqushi。

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